BRIDGE SOLAR HOME SYSTEM PROGRAM
We can change the sunlight directly to electricity using solar cells. The Solar Home System (SHS) is intended to provide electricity to the rural people. A typical SHS operates at a rated voltage of 12 Vdc and provides power for fluorescent luminaries, radio/cassette players, small black and white TV or similar low-power appliance for about three to five hours a day. An SHS is typically consists of the following components:
- PV solar module
- Charge controller
- DC lights and
- Cables, fuses and light switches.
Photovoltaic (PV) or solar modules convert the solar energy to electrical energy. They are of different capacities from 1 to 300 watts. The output power from solar modules charges the battery, i.e. replaces the power already used up by lights and TV. The charge controller protects the battery from overcharging and discharging below their cut-off voltage, which may cause permanent damage to the battery. They are positioned between the solar modules and the battery. An SHS will generally comprise 2 to 8 DC lights in range in wattage from 6W to 20W depending on the capacity of the module.
Objectives of Solar Home System Program
- To reduce household energy consumption through solar home system.
- To improve life style of poor people.
- To introduce diversified use solar home system in the rural areas of Bangladesh.
- To reduce environmental hazardous through clean technology
- Training and awareness building of clean energy technology
About 198 Upazila and 50000 households are identified who will get SHS with a convenient time.
Up to December’11 about 24955 SHS were installed.
|Solar Cell Setup on Roof|
BRIDGE SOLAR HOMES PROGRAM AT A GLANCE
|11||Outstanding with ser-charge||421345017|
|17||Average Loan Size||25000|
BRIDGE is facilitating the education program by following different strategies for the enhancement of the deprived segment of the society as well as to uplift the illiterate portion of our total population. The on going form of education program, which is executed by BRIDGE, can be given as follows:
BRIDGE has been facilitating its education program by two dimensions
- Non-formal Primary Education (NFPE)
- Adult Education
- Post Literacy and Continuing Education for Human Development (PLCEHD) Project -1
Non-formal Primary Education (NFPE)
Considering the dropout rate of primary school going children between 6-10. BRIDGE has started Non-formal primary education in the year 1993 by its own fund & supervision. In 1995 with the assistance of BRAC, 10 schools were opened with 300 dropped-out children. Upto 2005, 900 children were getting education, off whom 450 students are now working their suitable profession. After completion of 3 years education, they are getting admission to near by primary school. Each school has one female teacher.
BRIDGE EDUCATION PROGRAM: AT A GLANCE
|Name of Program||Name of Donor||Beginning Year||Ending Year|
|01||Stipend Program||C.S.T Italy||1994||2001|
BRIDGE is imparting basic education to the desired people at least enabling them so that they can easily sign their name as well as they can able to read. At first, we started formal education on 1st October 1993 in Haridhali union under Paikgacha Upazila of Khulna district. At present it has been implementing the following education program to enhance the Total Literacy Movement initiated by the government of the peoples’ republic of Bangladesh.
Post Literacy and Continuing Education for Human Development (PLCEHD) Project – 2
BRIDGE has been implementing the 340 centers of Post Literacy and Continuing Education for Human Development Program in 10 Upazila under Barisal District. Chart wish information is given below.
|Name of Upazila||No of L.C.||No of Learners||Attended in Exam||Pass Percentage|
AGRO-PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM
Main purpose of this program is to develop the fellow land through sustainable technology and turn it’s a developed land for agriculture. We therefore use some indigenous techniques in locally and thereby BRIDGE and other landowner having positive development towards wetland development. BRIDGE has purchased 77 Acres of wetland at Satla and Shibpur of Wazirpur Upazila under Barisal district.
Main objectives of the program are:
- To increase the overall fish production
- To increase the maximum usages of closed water bodies
- To make the target farmers habituated of scientific technology of aquaculture
- To meet the maximum requirement of protein demand of the locality
- To introduce and popularize new technology to the farmers.
Achievements: Development of 77 acres permanent wetland
About 6500Kg. vegetable produced/year
Around 10 people has gotten permanent job
Under this Program, BRIDGE initiated the following sub-projects, which are on going:
- Fisheries Project
- Agriculture Project
- Social Forestry
BRIDGE has takes two types
Of initiative for fish:
- Demonstration Pond
- Re-excavation of Pond
Quantity of fish produced during the year 2013-2014
|1) White Fish
About 13 nos. of pond were prepared for fry and fish culture consisting 50 acres of land. After developing the pond preparation we make it suitable for fish culture and marketing. This intervention makes community people and they are now cultivating their fallow land and which is a great achievement for the Satla and Shibpur area.
4.1.2. Re-excavation of Pond
This project is running in 1997 with the help of WFP. BRIDGE made on agreement for 10 years with the owners of land. Now, 23 pond owners cultivate their pond and it comes to 20.80 acres of water body. By the assistance of WFP, BRIDGE has excavated pond in 20 villages under Mongla Upazila in Bagerhat district.
- To Develop new Pisciculture procedures
- To increase fish production.
- To remove the local demand of nutrition.
- To create employment.
- To ensure proper use of water body.
- To motivate people in Pisciculture widely.
Areas of Intervention pond
|Union||Number of Pond||Measure (Acre)||Number of beneficiaries|
Achievements of Fisheries Program:
- 50 acre of wetland created water body and brought under Pisciculture.
- 32 ponds re-excavated through 20.80-acre water body and brought under Pisciculture.
- About 20,250kg. Fish were sold about 1620000.00 taka.
- Development of wetlands.
- Increase employment.
BRIDGE developed 10 acres of wetland for agriculture. There are different varieties of seasonal fruits, vegetable and tree plantation were cultivated in this demonstration farm. About 2000 nos. of permanent tree were planted. The area become ecological balanced and avoid destroyed from storm. This helps the villagers to take initiatives for introducing methodological cropping pattern.
Achievement on agricultural:
- Developing 10.00 Acres of wetland turned into cultivable land.
- About 6000 Kg. vegetable produced and its local market value Tk.90000.00
- Worker involving for cultivation.
- 2000 trees planted.
Description of trees, which are planted from 2008 to 2014
|Name of Trees (Local)||2008||2009||2010||2012||2013||2014|
Rural Piped Water Supply Program
Background of the Project
Maximum of population of the country had access to safe drinking water through installation of massive number of hand tube-wells’ thus success story became nightmare when it was found that 20% land mass of the country and its ground water was contaminated with arsenic more than the permissible limit, the water standard set by the WHO. Bangladesh Water Supply Program Project (BWSPP) planned to introduce piped water supply to provide safe water to the rural population. The project concept contained a more innovative approach of engaging private sponsor in planning, implementation and initial operation of the system before handing over the community. Participation of the community right from the onset was vital consideration together with serving the poor and vulnerable member. The main objective of the pilots was to check the sponsor’s ability in the project preparation, implementation and initial operation and rural peoples’ to pipe water system, willingness and affordability to pay for water.
BRIDGE-Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy responded to the expression of interest (EOI) invited by BWSPP for implementing water supply scheme in rural areas and indented to sponsor a piper water supply scheme at village Amboula, Agailjhara Upazila under Barisal District ensuring community participation in planning and cost sharing. According to the memorandum of understanding (MOU) signed between BWSPP and feasibility studies were carried out in the village covering social, technical, financial aspect and according submitted a feasibility report with a view to prepare detailed ” Project Proposal” for grant assistance.
On acceptance of 1st Part Report by BWSPP this project proposal has been prepared in accordance with the BWSPP guidelines. The proposal was accepted and an agreement was signed between BWSPP and BRIDGE-Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy on 08.02.2009. In order to address some of the construction related problems faced by the sponsor, some changes were adopted. The project has been completed by November 2010.
Objectives of the Scheme
- To make provision of safe water for rural people of Amboula village at an affordable cost to facilitate basic need of potable drinking water.
- To serve the interest of the poor and vulnerable members of the community covered under this scheme
- To build capacity of the local community organization to construct, operate and maintain the installed pipe water system.
The project is implemented in the following location:
District : Barisal Amboula
Upazila : Agailjhara
Union : Bagdha
Village : Amboula
Mouza : J.L. 97 no. Amboula
Khatian : 122/118
Dag : 952/953
Area : 22 decimal
647 households will be directly connected to this piped water network. However, about 11,000 population of Amboula, near of Poisarhat bazar and surroundings will have direct and indirect access to piped water system to be established under this project.
The scheme is being funded by World Bank as grant, BRIDGE-Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy as sponsor of the scheme and community as beneficiaries of the scheme. The investment structure is given below
|BDT: 74,86,202.89||70% of the project cost|
|Sponsor and community||BDT: 32,08,372.67||30% of the project cost|
|Total Cost||BDT: 1,06,94,575.56||
Special Feature of the Scheme
- This is a good example of Public Private Partnership (PPP)
- A new intervention in community water supply at non government level.
- A community owned scheme runs with active management support from BRIDGE-Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy.
- An income generation project of BRIDGE-Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy for next 18 years
- It will serve about 900 HH to provide access to 15,000 into arsenic and iron free safe drinking water
The proposed activities mentioned in grant agreement according to clause 19 were as the following:
- Installation of Production Well
- Construction of Pump House & Land Development
- Installation of Submersible Pump & Equipments
- Construction of Raw Water Reservoir
- Construction of Water Distribution Network
- Construction of Water Treatment Plan
- Construction of House Connection
- Installation of Electric Connection
- Supervision and Social Mobilization
- Over Head Tank
Activities Performed by BRIDGE-Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy:
Following are the major activities of the project performed by BRIDGE-Bangladesh Rural Integrated Development For Grub-Street Economy in order to complete the project:
|01||Production Well||1 units||1 units|
|02||Submersible pump, pump machinery & accessories||1 sets||1 sets|
|03||Pump house cum office room||1 unit||1 unit|
|04||Raw water reservoir||1 unit||1 unit|
|05||Water Treatment plant||1 unit||1 unit|
|06||Pumps & Equipment||1 unit||1 unit|
|07||Raw water reservoir||1 unit||1 unit|
|08||Water distribution network||9752 m||9752 m|
|09||House connection||647 nos||596 nos|
|11||Land development||5 decimal||5 decimal|
|12||Project supervision and mobilization||8 month||
Picture of major component of the project
Conclusion and recommendation
For those populations in Amboula once at greatest risk, borne by arsenic and other water vectors. The provision of piped water found reduced the risks and its factors of:
- infant mortality and morbidity
- Female and pregnant morbidity
- Male invasion over family and social complexity
- Physical stress and wasted time
- Others, that not known but felt to have had health impact
Moreover, in the PPP approach this livelihood complementary input for public health infrastructure establishes the relationship between water supply and IMR as a variable with changing socio-economic levels.
The following can put in recommendation:
- This kind of scheme can be extended and further schemes may be replicated
- Partnership can be more relaxed by taking in consideration that the community participation my be with local wealth/ kind rather cash and therefore the ration could be revised as 90:10 in percentage for GOB and sponsor.
- Government part of the project management needs to be more intense to avoid any delay of period that challenged the recent projects.
- To avoid the water wastage the per capita provision need to be revised and water meter should be ensured
- Scheme size needs to be increased with at least 60-75% as well as budget
- The scheme should be inbuilt with sanitation program including recycle of waster water.
Strengthening Partnership Result and innovation in Nutrition Globally (SPRING)
SPRING- Strengthening Partnership Result and innovation in Nutrition Globally is USAID-funded Multi year Assistance Agriculture Based projects. This project duration from October 2012 to October 2014. It has about 12400 beneficiaries. Main activities are Agriculture training especially technical training how to prepared bed, Mada, how cultivate better harvest, Agriculture inputs disbursements, such as seeds, crops seed, etc. Each Field Farmers School (FFS) has 25-30 beneficiaries.
FFS Practical Training